January 4 - HealthDay News - Survey Finds Much Victimization of Children Goes Unreported – By UNH - Nearly 60 percent of 10-to-17-year-olds surveyed in a new study say they were victims of violence, abuse or crime in the past year. However, fewer than half said that authorities ever learned about what happened.
"The hidden nature of childhood victimization has multiple sources. Clearly, children and adolescents are easily intimidated by offenders and fear retaliation."
February 23 - MedLine Plus - PTSD Risk in Women Tied to Genetics - Heavily traumatized civilian women with two copies of a specific single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the ADCYAP1R1 gene were more likely to show PTSD with an odds ratio of 1.66 (95% CI 1.32 to 2.09) relative to similar women without the condition, Kessler and colleagues found.
About one-third of the 763 women in the study were diagnosed with PTSD.
Among the individual PTSD symptoms, hyperarousal was the one most strongly associated with the CC genotype.
February 24 - Science Daily - Strong Link Found Between Victimization, Substance Abuse - Researchers compared victimization experiences of unwanted sexual activity, neglect, physical violence, and assault with a weapon,
Three times as many lesbians as heterosexual women reported childhood sexual abuse.
Regardless of sexual identity, women who reported two or more victimization experiences had two to four times the prevalence of alcohol dependence, drug abuse or drug dependence as women who reported no victimization, she said.
March 18 - Medline Plus - Domestic Abuse Often Escapes Notice of ER Staff: Study - Most not identified as victims when treated in emergency department – By UPenn - Three of four domestic violence victims treated in hospital emergency departments are not identified as victims of abuse, a new study reveals.
80% of women who reported domestic assaults to police came to an emergency department at least once during the four years after the reported assault. Only 28% of the women were ever identified in EDs as victims of domestic violence.
March 31 - Moms With Tough Childhoods More Likely to Have Smaller Babies: Study - Abuse, poverty during a mother's youth is associated with heightened health risks for the next generation
April 16 – CDC – CDC Report: Adverse Childhood Experiences Reported by Adults
May 10 - Post-Traumatic Childhood - For every soldier returning from Iraq and Afghanistan with symptoms of depression or PTSD, there are around 10 children in the United States who are traumatized by exposure to family violence, sexual abuse, neglect and assault, with consequences comparable to those of adult exposure to war-zone violence.
The Pew Charitable Trusts estimates that the annual cost of childhood maltreatment like this is $103.8 billion.
Untreated, traumatized children become failing adults who populate our jails and overwhelm our human services agencies. Cutting the development of effective treatments will produce many years of increasing costs and unquantifiable human misery
May 17 ScienceDaily.com - Deprivation and Neglect Found to Age Children's Chromosomes - Study, led by researchers at Children's Hospital Boston and Tulane University, shows that early adversity even affects children's chromosomes -- prematurely shortening the chromosome tips, known as telomeres, and hastening how quickly their cells "age."
"The telomere is designed to protect the chromosome, so accelerating how early in life telomeres lose length correlates with shortened life span," says Charles Nelson, PhD, director of the Laboratories of Cognitive Neuroscience at Children's and principal investigator of BEIP. "Shortened telomeres may lead to health consequences downstream."
May 26 - The Annapolis Chronic Fatigue and Fibromyalgia Research Center. - Abuse History More Common in Those With Pelvic Pain, CFS, and Fibromyagia - Childhood Trauma and Risk for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Association With Neuroendocrine Dysfunction
May 26 - Ritual Abuse and Torture-based Mind
Control: Reducing and Preventing Re-contact with Abusers -
The two primary forms of re-contact w/ abusers include reporting back by phone
or written correspondence, and physically returning to abusers to be abused
again. Perpetrators of ritual abuse and mind control attempt to coerce their
victims into submission and service to the abuser group for a lifetime.
Abuser methods of exerting long-term contact and control vary in relation to
the level of psychological sophistication of the abusers and the size of the
abusers’s criminal network.
Some abuser groups rely primarily on threats to force their victims into
compliance and to prevent their victims from escaping. For some of these
groups, these are empty threats. They make claims of having more power than
they have. Some abuser groups have larger criminal networks and thus, more
power to carry out their threats. But, they too reliably overstate their
power to maximally terrorize their victims. This is not to dismiss the
reality that these abusers commit murder, but it is to say that they lie and
exaggerate their power. Clearly, people who systematically abuse others
lie to further their own interests. Words are just one more tool of
manipulation to control their victims. Everything
they say should be questioned and examined for underlying motives and
Many of these abusers also manipulate their victims’ attachment needs, that is,
their basic survival needs and needs for security and love, usually beginning
in early childhood. They also go to great lengths to try to make their
victims believe that the victims are accomplices to the abuse, that they
are as evil as their abusers themselves, and that they are unworthy and
incapable of belonging anywhere but with the abusers.
Some abuser groups go a step further and manipulate their victims’
psychological capacity to form dissociated self-states in response to extreme
pain and terror. I am using the term, “dissociated self-states,” here to refer
to states of consciousness with some sense of self that exist out of the
conscious awareness of the most-often conscious parts of the psyche, and that
typify DSM-IV Dissociative Identity Disorder, and forms of Dissociative Disorder
Not Otherwise Specified in which self-states exist internally, affecting the
psyche from within, but never assume complete control of executive functions
(e.g., purposive action).
These Machiavellian abusers systematically
torture their victims for the intended purpose of coercing their victims’
psyches into forming new dissociated self-states that they then work to exploit. They “torture-hypno-condition” these self-states, that is, they use
torture, hypnosis, and behavioral conditioning, to try to coerce these
dissociated self-states into fulfilling functions that serve the abusers. (I
thank Hans Ulrich Gresch, Ph.D., psychologist, mind control survivor, and
respected colleague, for the term, “torture-hypno-conditioning,” the most
succinct descriptive phrase that I have found that explains what occurs in most
torture-based mind control programming; see: http://www.mind-control.psychoprobleme.de/).
These abusers “program” some of these dissociated
self-states to take on “reporter” and “re-contact” functions, that is, to
report to the abusers on a regular basis from a distance, and to return to the
abusers as directed.
In many cases, even though the survivor is working hard to break free of her or
his abusers, these programmed self-states continue to report to, and return to,
the abusers, often out of the conscious awareness of the most-often conscious
parts of the psyche. Ongoing access allows the abusers to retaliate against
their victims for attempting to break free and to escalate their abuse and
programming in efforts to increase their control of their victims.
June 13 - Boston.com - Study ties bullying, domestic violence - Boys who are bullies are nearly four times as likely as non-bullies to grow up to physically or sexually abuse their female partners, a study led by researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health found. http://domestic-abuse-violence.blogspot.com/2011/07/study-ties-bullying-domestic-violence.html
June 30 - msnbc.com - Effects of sexual abuse last for decades, study finds - Young girls who are the victims of sexual abuse experience physical, biological and behavioral problems that can persist for decades after, a new study shows. http://domestic-abuse-violence.blogspot.com/2011/07/effects-of-sexual-abuse-last-for.html
June 30 - Robert Hughes Univ of Illinois - How Custody Evaluators Think about Domestic Violence - some domestic violence involves the use of extreme forms of control that forces a partner to do something she does not want to do. Johnson labeled this form of violence as "intimate terrorism."
These findings raise important questions about the degree to which domestic violence is being thoughtfully considered in custody decisions. It is important for the legal system to develop training and policies such that custody evaluators can appropriately consider custody arrangements in domestic violence situations. http://domestic-abuse-violence.blogspot.com/2011/07/how-custody-evaluators-think-about.html
Risks higher even higher -- 60% -- for children younger than 8.5 yrs who were returned to parents that had taken parenting class, the researchers reported online in the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.
Because both Federal and state laws encourage keeping children in the family home if possible after abuse, it's crucial that accurate ways of predicting future risk be identified, Dakil's group stated.